SAA 02 005. Esarhaddon’s Treaty with Baal, King of Tyre (Ash pl. 3+)

Obverse
Column i
o i 1o i 1

[a-de]-e šá m-šur⸣—PAB*—⸢* MAN* KUR-šur.KI DUMU m*d*⸣[30—PAB-MEŠSU MAN KUR-šur.KI-ma]

(i 1) [The treat]y of Esarhad[don, king] of Assyria, son of [Sennacherib likewise king of Assyria, with Baa]l, king of Tyre, with [..., his son, and his other sons and grandsons, with a]ll [Tyrians], young and old [...

o i 22

[TAv mba-a]-⸢lu MAN KUR.ṣur-ri TAv mx⸣+[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

o i 33

[TAv KUR.ṣur-ri gab]-⸢bi*⸣-šú* TUR GAL [x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

o i 44

[x x x x x] x x x [x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

break

(Break)

o i 5'5'

lu-u x x [x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 5) or ...[......]

o i 6'6'

lu-u e-[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 6) or [......]

o i 7'7'

lu-u TAv [x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 7) or with [......]

o i 8'8'

la x x [x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 8) not[......]

o i 9'9'

šúm-ma la x⸣+[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 9) if [......] not ...[......]



o i 10'10'

šúm-ma KUR-⸢šur [x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 10) If Assyr[ia ......]

o i 11'11'

[na?]-ṣa-ku-nu ma-a [x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

(i 11) ... you [......]...[......]

o i 12'12'

[x] ḫa x x [x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]

rest broken away

(Break)

Column ii
o iio ii beginning (7 lines) destroyed

o ii 88

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x] x [x x x]

o ii 99

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x] x x [x x]

o ii 1010

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x a]-na* pi-⸢i [x]

(ii 10) [......] according to [...]

o ii 1111

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x]+⸢x lid*-⸢x⸣+[x x]

(ii 11) [......] let [...]

o ii 1212

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x] * [x x]

(ii 12) [......] ...[...]



o ii 1313

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x ina] UGU* *.zak*-[ke-e]

(ii 13) [...... t]o the ex[empt]

o ii 1414

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x] x⸣+[x x x]

rest (at least 20 lines) broken away

(Break)

Reverse
Column iii
r iiir iii beginning broken away

r iii 1'1'

[x x x x x x x x x x x x x] TA* UGU* UD?-⸢me? [x] a*-⸢di? [x x x x x]

(iii 1) [......] from ... until [......]

r iii 2'2'

[x x x x x x x x x x x x]-MEŠ-šú-nu m-šurPAB MAN KUR-[šur.KI x x x x]

(iii 2) [......] their [...]s; Esarhaddon, king of As[syria ......]

r iii 3'3'

[x x x x x x x x KUR].⸢ṣur-ri ina UGU-ḫi la x x [x x x x x]

(iii 3) [......] will not [...] upon it [...]

r iii 4'4'

[x x x x x x x x an]-⸢nu⸣-te URU-MEŠ an-nu-te šá aḫ-pu-⸢ni [x x x x]

(iii 4) [......] these [...]s and these cities which I destroyed [......]

r iii 5'5'

[x x x x x x x x x]+⸢x il-la-ku-u-ni-ni la* ta*-šap*-par* la tu-še*⸣-[ba-la-šú-nu]

(iii 5) you must not send nor desp[atch] the [... which] (may) come [...].



r iii 6'6'

[x x v.qe-e-pu šá ina] UGU-ḫi-ka áš-kun-u-ni me*-me*-ni ina* na*-x⸣+[x x x x x x]

(iii 6) [If the royal deputy whom] I have appointed over you [...] anything in [...]

r iii 7'7'

[x x x x x x]-ka LU.par-šá-mu-te šá KUR-ka ina mil-⸢ki [x x x x x x]

(iii 7) [...] the elders of your country [convene to take] counsel

r iii 8'8'

[x x x x x]-u-ni v.qe-e-pu is-si-šú-nu i-[x x x x x x x]

(iii 8) the royal deputy [will ...] with them [......]

r iii 9'9'

[x x x x x x]+⸢x x šá GIŠ⸣.-MEŠ x⸣+[x x x x x x x x x x]

(iii 9) [......] of the ships [......]

r iii 10'10'

[x x x x x x x x x x x x] šá [x x x x] x⸣+[x x x x x]

(iii 10) (Break)

r iii 11'11'

[x x x x x x x x x x x x] šá ina IGI-⸢ka* ta*-lak-an-[ni la x x x]

(iii 11) [You may not ... any ship ...] which comes to you; [if ......], do not listen to him, [do not ...] without the royal deputy; nor must you open a letter which I send you without the royal deputy. If the royal deputy is absent, wait for him and then open it, or [...] the messenger.

r iii 12'12'

[x x x x x x šá] pi-i-šú la ta-šá-me šúm⸣-ma ba-la-at v.[qe]-e-bi* [x x x x]

r iii 13'13'

ù e-gír- ša a-šap-par-kan-ni ba-la-at v.qe-e-⸢bi* la ta-pat-⸢ti [o]

r iii 14'14'

šúm-ma v.qe-e-pu la qur-bu ina IGI-šú ta-da-gal ta-pat-ti ú-la-a *.A*—⸢KIN* x



r iii 15'15'

šúm-ma GIŠ. šá mba-a-lu lu šá UN-MEŠ KUR.ṣur-ri šá ina KUR.pi-lis-ti lu ta-ḫu-me

(iii 15) If there is a ship of Baal or the people of Tyre that is shipwrecked off the land of the Philistines or within Assyrian territory, everything that is on ship belongs to Esarhaddon, king of Assyria; however, one must not do any harm to any person on board the ship but one must return them all to their country.

r iii 16'16'

ša KUR-šur.KI gab-bu ta-maḫ-ḫa-ṣu-u-ni ammar šá ina ŠÀ GIŠ.-ni šá m-šurPAB MAN KUR-šur.⸢KI

r iii 17'17'

ù UN-MEŠ ammar šá ina ŠÀ GIŠ. ina ŠÀ-šú-nu la i-ḫa-ṭi-u ina KUR*⸣-šú-nu ú-sa-ḫu*-⸢ru*



r iii 18'18'

an-nu-te KAR-MEŠ KASKAL-MEŠ šá m-šurPAB MAN KUR-šur a-na mba-a-lu ARAD-šú ip-qi⸣-[du-ni]

(iii 18) These are the ports of trade and the trade routes which Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, [entrusted] to his servant Baal: to Akko, Dor, to the entire district of the Philistines, and to all the cities within Assyrian territory on the seacoast, and to Byblos, the Lebanon, all the cities in the mountains, all (these) being cities of Esarhaddon, king of Assyria.

r iii 19'19'

a-na URU.a-ku-u URU.du--ri ina na-gi-e KUR.pi-lis-te gab-[bu o*]

r iii 20'20'

ù ina URU-MEŠ ta-ḫu-me šá KUR-šur.KI šá ši-di tam-tim gab-[bu o]

r iii 21'21'

ù ina URU.gu-ub-lu KUR.lab-na-[na] URU-MEŠ šá ina KUR-i gab-[bu o]

r iii 22'22'

ammar URU-MEŠ [šá m]-⸢šur⸣—PAB MAN KUR-šur mba-a-lu URU-MEŠ [x x]

(iii 22) Baal [may enter these] cities. The people of Tyre [will], in accordance with what Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, has per[mitted, stay] in their ships, and all those who enter into the towns of [...], his towns, his villages, his ports of trade which [...] for collecting [toll ...], and all (the places) in their outskirts, will [pay toll], as in the past.

r iii 23'23'

KUR.ṣur-ra-a.a pit*-ti* šá m-šurPAB MAN KUR-šur.[KI] i-din*-[áš-šú-ni]

r iii 24'24'

ina ŠÀ GIŠ.-MEŠ-šú-nu ù ammar e*-⸢rab*⸣-u-ni ina ŠÀ URU-MEŠ šá m[x x x]

r iii 25'25'

URU-MEŠ-šú URU.ŠE-MEŠ-šú KAR-MEŠ-šú ša a-na na-še-e [x x x x x x x]

r iii 26'26'

ammar a-ḫi-ta-te-šú-nu-u-ni ki-i šá ina la-bi-[ri x x x x x x x]

r iii 27'27'

in-na-⸢ga⸣-ru-u-ni me-me-ni pi-ir-⸢ku [x x x x x x x x]

(iii 27) Nobody will [do] injustice [to those] who are hired [...] and nobody will harm their ships. In the coun[try of ...], in his district, in his villages ...[...] the people of Sidon [...] as in the past [...

r iii 28'28'

ina ŠÀ GIŠ.-MEŠ-šú-nu la i-ḫa-ṭi ina ŠÀ KUR⸣.[x x x x x x x x x]

r iii 29'29'

ina na-gi-šú URU.ŠE-MEŠ-šú e-rim- [x x x x x x x x x x]

r iii 30'30'

ki-i šá la-bi-ri KUR.ṣi-du-[na-a.a x x x x x x x x x x]

Column iv
r ivr iv beginning broken away

(Break)

r iv 1'1'

d[NIN.LÍL a-ši-bat URU.NINA.KI GÍR.AN.BAR ḫa-an-ṭu it-ti-ku-nu li-ir-ku-su]

(iv 1) [May Mullissu, who resides in Nineveh, tie to you a flaming sword].

r iv 2'2'

d.TAR a⸣-[ši-bat URU.arba-ìl re-e-mu gim-lu lu la i-šá-kan] UGU⸣-ku-un

(iv 2) [May] Ištar, [who resides in Arbela, not grant] you [mercy and forgiveness].

r iv 3'3'

dgu-la a-zu-gal-la-⸢ [GAL- GIG ta--ḫu ina ŠÀ-bi]-⸢ku⸣-nu

(iv 3) May Gula, the great physician, [put illness and weariness in] your [hearts] and an unhealing sore in your body; bathe [in blood and pus as if in water]!

r iv 4'4'

si-im-mu la-zu ina zu-mur-ku-⸢nu [liš-kun da-a-mu u šar-ku ki-ma A-MEŠ] ru*-un-ka

r iv 5'5'

dsi-bit-te DINGIR-MEŠ qar-du-te ina GIŠ.TUKUL-MEŠ-šú-nu [ez-zu-ti na-áš-pan-ta]-⸢ku⸣-nu liš-kun

(iv 5) May the Pleiades, the heroic gods, [smi]te you [down] with their [fierce] weapons.

r iv 6'6'

dba-a.a-tiDINGIR-MEŠ da-na-tiba-⸢a⸣.[a-ti]—⸢DINGIR⸣-MEŠ

(iv 6) May Bethel and Anath-Bethel [deliver] you to the paws of a man-eating lion.

r iv 7'7'

ina ŠU.2 UR.MAḪ a-ki-⸢li [lim-nu-u]-⸢ku⸣-nu

r iv 8'8'

DINGIR-MEŠ GAL-MEŠ šá AN-e ù KI.TIM DINGIR-MEŠ KUR-šur.KI DINGIR-MEŠ KURURI.KI

(iv 8) May the great gods of heaven and earth, the gods of Assyria, the gods of Akkad and the gods of Eber-nari curse you with an indissoluble curse.

r iv 9'9'

DINGIR-MEŠ e-birÍD ar-rat la nap-šú-ri li-ru-ru-⸢ku⸣-nu

r iv 10'10'

dba-alsa-me-me dba-alma-la-ge-e dba-alṣa-pu-nu

(iv 10) May Baal Shamaim Baal Malagê and Baal Saaphon raise an evil wind against your ships to undo their moorings and tear out their mooring pole, may a strong wave sink them in the sea and a violent tide [rise] against you.

r iv 11'11'

TU₁₅ lem-nu ina GIŠ.-MEŠ-ku-nu lu-šat-ba GIŠ.mar-kas-ši-na lip-ṭu-ur

r iv 12'12'

GIŠ.ṭar-kul-la-ši-na li-is-su-ḫu e-du-u dan-nu ina [tam]-⸢tim

r iv 13'13'

li-ṭa-bi-ši-na šam-ru a-gu-u e-li-ku-nu li-⸢li⸣-[a]

r iv 14'14'

dmi-il-qar-tu dia-su-mu-nu KUR-ku-nu a-na ḫa-⸢pe*-e*

(iv 14) May Melqarth and Eshmun deliver your land to destruction and your people to deportation; may they [uproot] you from your land and take away the food from your mouth, clothes from your body, and the oil for your anointing.

r iv 15'15'

UN-MEŠ-ku-nu a-na šá-la-li li-di-nu TAv KUR-ku-nu [lis-su]-⸢ḫu*-ku*-nu*

r iv 16'16'

ŠUKU-MEŠ ina pi-i-ku-nu ku-zip-pi* ina la-ni-ku-nu [o?]

Right
r.e. 17r.e. 17

Ì-MEŠ ina pa-šá-ši-ku-nu lu-ḫal-li-qu [o]

r.e. 1818

das-tar- ina ta-ḫa-zi dan-ni GIŠ.BAN-⸢ku-nu li-<>-bir ina šap-la [v.KÚR-ku-nu]

(r.e. 18) May Astarte break your bow in the thick of battle and have you crouch at the feet of your enemy, may a foreign enemy divide your belongings.

r.e. 1919

li-še-ši-ib-ku-nu v.KÚR a-ḫu-u li-za-i-za mim-[mu-ku-nu]

r.e. 2020

ṭup-pi a-⸢de⸣-e kun-nu šá mba-a-lu KUR.⸢ṣur⸣-[ra-a.a]

(r.e. 20) Tablet of the treaty established with Baal of Tyre in [......].

r.e. 2121

(uninscribed space) ina* [x x x]


Adapted from Simo Parpola and Kazuko Watanabe, Neo-Assyrian Treaties and Loyalty Oaths (State Archives of Assyria, 2), 1988. Lemmatised by Mikko Luukko, 2016, as part of the research programme of the Alexander von Humboldt Chair in the Ancient History of the Near and Middle East at LMU Munich (Karen Radner, Humboldt Professorship 2015). The annotated edition is released under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0. Please cite this page as http://oracc.org/saao/P336126/.