Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ABRTJ. A. Craig, Assyrian and Babylonian Religious Texts (Leipzig 1895)
ADDC. H. W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AGSJ.A. Knudtzon, Assyrische Gebete an den Sonnengott (Leipzig 1893)
AHw.W. van Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (Wiesbaden 1957-81)
AnBiAnalecta Biblica
AOtablets in the collections of the Musée du Louvre
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
AoFAlterorientalische Forschungen
Assfield numbers of tablets excavated at Assur
ARMArchives royales de Mari
ASAssyriological Studies
Bauer AsbTh. Bauer, Das lnschriftenwerk Assurbanipals I-II (Leipzig 1933)
BBRH. Zimmern, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der babylonischen Religion I-II (Leipzig 1896-1901)
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Boissier ChoixA. Boissier, Choix des textes relatifs à la divination assyro-babylonienne I-II (Genève 1905-1906)
Borger Esarh.R. Borger, Die lnschriften Asarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien (AfO Beiheft 9, Graz 1956)
BRMBabylonain Records in the Library of J. Pierpont Morgan
Butablets in the collections of the British Museum
CADThe Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Chicago 1956-)
CRRAIRecontre assyriologiqque internationale, comptes rendus
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
DAA. Boissier, Documents assyriens relatifs aux présages I-III (Paris 1894-99)
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Ealexical series ea A = nâqu
EANEMaria de Jong Ellis (ed.), Essays on the Ancient Near East in Memory fo Jacob JOel Finkelstein (Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 19, Hamden 1977)
Fs KrausG. van Driel et al. (eds.), Zikir šumim. Assyriological Studies Presented to F.R. Kraus on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday (Leiden 1982)
Fs ReinerF. Rochberg-Halton (ed.), Language,Literature, and History: Philological and Historical Studies presented to Erica Reiner (American Oriental Series 67, New Haven 1987)
Geerscopies of Kuyunjik tablets by F.W. Geers
GPAJ.N. Postgate, The Governor's Palace Archive (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud 2, London 1973)
Grayson ChroniclesA. K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, Glückstadt 1975)
Hhlexical series HAR.ra = hubullu
HSSHarvard Semitic Series
HUCAHebrew Union College Annual
Hunger UrukH. Hunger, Spätbabylonische Texte aus Uruk I (Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft in Uruk-Warka 9, Berlin 1976)
JAJournal asiatique
JAOSJournal of the American Oriental Society
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
JNESJournal of Near Eastern Studies
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
KARE. Ebeling, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religiösen Inhalts (Leipzig 1919)g
KBoKeilschrifttexte aus Boghazköi
Kitablets in the collections of the British Museumg
KUBKeilschrifturkunden aus Boghazköi
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Lenormant ChoixF. Lenormant, Choix des textes cunéiformes inedits ou incomplètement publiés jusqu'à ce jour (Paris (1873-75)
Lie SgA.G. Lie, The Inscriptions of Sargon II (Paris 1929)
Luckenbill Senn.D. D. Luckenbill, The Annals of Sennacherib (Oriental Institute Publications 2, Chicago 1924)
MADB. Menzel, Materials for the Assyrian Dictionary
OLZOrientalische Literaturzeitung
OIPOriental Institute Publications
Or.Orientalia, Nova Series
Piepkorn AsbA.C. Piepkorn, Historical Prism Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal (Assy­riological Studies 5, Chicago 1933)
PRTE. Klauber, Politisch-Religiöse Texte aus der Sargonidenzeit (Leipzig 1913)
PSDPennsyivania Sumerian Dictionary
RARevue d'assyriologie
RIAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
RMAR.C. Thompson, The Reports of the Magicians and Astrologers of Nineveh and Babylon I-II (London 1900)
RSORivista degli studi orientali
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Starr RitualsI. Starr, The Rituals of the Diviner (Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 12, Malibu 1983)
Streck AsbM. Streck, Assurbanipal I-III (Vorderasiatische Bibliothek 7, Leipzig 1916)
STTO. R. Gurney and P. Hulin, The Sultantepe Tablets I-II (London 1957-64)
TCLTextes cunéiformes du Louvre
TIMTexts in the Iraq Museum
ToponymsS. Parpola, Neo-Assyrian Toponyms (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 6, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970)
Unity and DiversityH. Goedicke and I.J.M. Roberts, Unity and Diversity. Essays in the History, Literature, and Religion of the Ancient Near East (Baltimore 1975)
VABVorderasiatische Bibliothek
VTAD.J. Wiseman, The Vassal-Treaties ofEsarhaddon (London 1958)
WODie Welt des Orients
WZKMWiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes
YOSYale Oriental Series, Babylonian Texts
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

MBMiddle Babylonian
OAOld Assyrian
GNgeographical name
DNdivine name
RNroyal name
r., rev.reverse
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see p. XXXVIII and LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to

Ivan Starr

Ivan Starr, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Queries to the Sungod: Divination and Politics in Sargonid Assyria, SAA 4. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1990; online contents: SAAo/SAA04 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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SAAo/SAA04, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
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