Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

AAAAnnals of Archaeology and Anthropology
ABCJ. H. Stevenson, Assyrian and Babylonian Contracts with Aramaic Reference Notes (New York 1902)
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ABRTJ . A . Craig, Assyrian and Babylonian Religious Texts (Leipzig 1895)
ADD C. H. W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898- 1923)
AGS J. A. Knudtzon, Assyrische Gebete an den Sonnengott (Leipzig 1893)
AJSLAmerican Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
AnStAnatolian Studies
AoFAltorientalische Forschungen
ARJ. Kohler - A. Ungnad, Assyrische Rechtsurkunden (Leipzig 1913)
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Butablets in the collections of the British Museum
Budge DelugeE. A. W. Budge, The Babylonian Story of the Deluge and the Epic of Gilgamesh (London 1920)
CADChicago Assyrian Dictionary
Cat.C. Bezold, Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection I-V (London 1889-1899)
Cat. Suppl.L. W. King, Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tahlets in the Kouyunjik Collection, Supplement (London 1914)
CISCorpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum
CRRAIRencontre assyriologique internationale, comptes rendus
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
CTNCuneiform Texts from Nimrud
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Ep. Ar.L. Delaporte, Épigraphes araméens (Paris 1912)
Fales CensimentiF. M. Fales, Censimenti e catasti di epoca neo-assira (Rome 1973)
Fales EpigraphsF. M. Fales, Aramaic Epigraphs on Clay Tablets of the Neo-Assyrian Period (Rome 1986)
Festschrift Porada M. Kelly-Buccellati (ed.), Insight Through images. Studies in Honor of Edith Porada (Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 21, Malibu 1986)
Festschrift Reiner F. Rochberg-Halton (ed.), Language, Literature, and History: Philological and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner (American Oriental Series 67, New Haven 1987)
FNALD J. N. Postgate, Fifty Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents (Warminster 1976)
GPA J. N. Postgate, The Governor's Palace Archive (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud 2, London 1973)
Grayson Chronicles A. K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, Glückstadt 1975)
Hhlexical series HAR.ra = hubullu
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
Ktablets in the Kuyunjik collection of the British Museum
KAVO. Schroeder, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur verschiedenen Inhalts, (Leipzig 1920)
KBKeilinschriftliche Bibliothek
Kitablets in the collections of the British Museum
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Luckenbill Senn.D. D. Luckenbill, The Annals of Sennacherib (Oriental Institute Publications 2, Chicago 1924)
MSLMaterialien zum sumerischen Lexikon; Materials for the Sumenan Lexicon
N.tablets in the collections of the Musée du Louvre
NALKT. Kwasman, Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents in. the Kouyunjik Collection of the British Museum (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 14, Rome 1988)
NARGD J. N. Postgate, Neo-Assyrian Royal Grants and Decrees (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 1, Rome 1969)
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
Or.Orientalia, Nova Series
Place NiniveV. Place, Ninive et l'Assyrie I-III (Paris l867-1870)
RH. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia (London 1861-1884)
RlAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
TCAE J. N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assynan Empire (Studia Pohl. Series Maior 3, Rome 1974)
TCLTextes cunéiformes du Louvre
Thtablets in the collections of the British Museum
WZKMWiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes
Zadok West Semites R. Zadok, On West Semites in Babylonian during the Chaldean and Achaemenid Periods. An Onomastic Study (Jerusalem 1977)

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

DNdivine name
GNgeographical name
PNpersonal name
RNroyal name
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or non existent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to

Simo Parpola

Simo Parpola, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Legal Transactions of the Royal Court of Nineveh, Part I: Tiglath-Pileser III through Esarhaddon, SAA 6. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1991; online contents: SAAo/SAA06 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

Back to top ^^
SAAo/SAA06, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
Oracc uses cookies only to collect Google Analytics data. Read more here []; see the stats here []; opt out here.