Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

ABCDF. Rochberg-Halton, Aspects of Babylonian Celestial Divination (AfO Beiheft 22, Horn 1989)
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ACh Ch. Virolleaud, L'astrologie chaldéene (Paris 1907-1912)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AHw.W. von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (Wiesbaden 1957-81)
AOtablets in the collections of the Musée du Louvre
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
ARMArchives Royales de Mari
ASAssyriological Studies
BABeiträge zur Assyriologie
BAMF. Köcher, Die babylonisch-assyrische Medizin in Teexten und Untersuchungen (Berlin 1963-)
BM tablets in the collections of the British Museum
BOR Babyloniana nd Oriental Record
BPO E. Reiner and D. Pingree, Babylonian Planetary Omens (Malibu 1915)
BSGWBerichte der Sächsichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften
Butablets in the collections of the British Museum
CADThe Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Chicago 1956-)
Cat.C. Bezold, Catalogue of the Cuneifornt Tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection I-V (London 1889-1899)
ChoixA. Boissier, Choix des textes relatifs à la divination assyro-babylonienne I-II (Genève 1905-19)
CRRAIRencontre assyriologique internationale, comptes rendus
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
EAEEnuma Anu Enlil
Festschrift Moran T. Abusch, J . Huehnergard and Piotr Steinkeller (eds.), Lingering Over Words. Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Literature in Honor of William L. Moran (Atlanta 1990)
Gössmann PlanetariumP. Gössmann, Planetarium Babylonicum (Šumerisches Lexikon 4/2, Rome 1950)
HKLR. Borger, Handbuch der Keilschriftliteratur I-III (Berlin 1967-75)
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
Kitablets in the collections of the British Museum
Labat CalendrierR. Labat, Un calendrier babylonien des travaux, des signes et des mois (Paris 1965)
Lambert-Millard Atra-hasisW. G. Lambert and A.R. Millard, Atra-hasis, the Babylonian Story of the Flood (Oxford 1969)
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Mélanges GarelliD. Charpin and F. Joannès (eds.), Marchands, diplomates et empereurs: Études sur la civilisation mésopotamienne offerts à Paul Garelli (Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, Paris 1991)
MUL.APINH. Hunger and D. Pingree, MUL.APIN. An Astronomical Compendium in Cuneiform (AfO Beiheft 24, Horn 1989)
Nv.tablets in the collections of Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri
Or.Orientalia, Nova Series
Pinches Wedge-writingT. G. Pinches, Texts in the Babylonian Wedge-Writing (London 1882)
PSBAProceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology
RARevue d'Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
RMAR. C. Thompson, The Reports of the Magicians and Astrologers of Nineveh and Babylon I-II (London 1900)
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Starr RitualsI. Starr, The Rituals of the Diviner (Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 12, Malibu 1983)
TCLTextes cunéiformes du Louvre
VABVorderasiatische Bibliothek (Leipzig)
Weidner Gestirn-Darstellungen E. Weidner, Gestirn-Darstellungen auf babylonischen Tontafeln (Wien 1967)
WODie Welt des Orients
YOSYale Oriental Series, Babylonian Texts
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

OBOld Babylonian
SBStandard Babylonian
PNpersonal name
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space o r nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to, (in score transliteration) continuing line

Hermann Hunger

Hermann Hunger, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Astrological Reports to Assyrian Kings, SAA 8. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1992; online contents: SAAo/SAA08 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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SAAo/SAA08, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East.. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
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