79-7-8 etc.tablets in the collections of the British Museum
AAAAnnals of Archaeology and Anthropology
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AHw.W. von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (Wiesbaden 1965-1985)
ANEDepartment of the Ancient Near East of the British Museum
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
AOSAmerican Oriental Series
Bezold Cat.C. Bezold, Catalogue of the Cuneiform in the Kouyunjik Collection of the British Museum
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Butablets in the collections of the British Museum
CADChicago Assyrian Dictionary
CDAJ. Black, A. George and N. Postgate, A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian (Wiesbaden 2000)
CNACorpus of Neo-Assyrian Texts (Helsinki)
CRRAIRencontre assyriologique internationale, comptes rendus
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
Dietrich AramäerM. Dietrich, Die Aramäer Südbabyloniens der Sargonidenzeit (700-648) (AOAT 7, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970)
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Fs GraysonG. Frame (ed.), From the Upper Sea to the Lower Sea: Studies on the History of Assyria and Babylonia in Honour of A. Kirk Grayson (PIHANS 101, Leiden 2004)
Fs ReinerF. Rochberg-Halton (ed.), Language, Literature, and History: Philological and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner (AOS 67, New Haven 1987)
Frame BabyloniaG. Frame, Babylonia 689-627 B.C. A Political History (Istanbul 1992)
Hhlexical series HAR.ra = hubullu (MSL 5-11)
Ito 2015S. Ito, Royal Image and Political Thinking in the Letters of Assurbanipal (PhD Diss., Helsinki 2015)
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
JNESJournal of Near Eastern Studies
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
KAVO. Schroeder, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur verschiedenen Inhalts (Leipzig 1920)
Kitablets in the collections of the British Museum
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Neukirchen-Vlyun 1970, 1980)
Oppenheim LettersA. L. Oppenheim, Letters from Mesopotamia (Chicago 1967)
Payne SmithJ. Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary (Oxford 1903)
PBSPublications of the Babylonian Section, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania
Piepkorn AsbA. C. Piepkorn, Historical Prism Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal (Assyriological Studies 5, Chicago 1933)
Pfeiffer State LettersR. Pfeiffer, State Letters of Assyria (AOS 6, New Haven 1935)
PNAThe Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Helsinki 1998-)
RCAEL. Waterman, Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire, I-IV (Ann Arbor 1930-1936)
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
SAASState Archives of Assyria Studies
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
StOrStudia Orientalia
WODie Welt des Orients
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie

W and Y in the critical apparatus (followed by page number) refer to collations in RCAE and S. Ylvisaker, Zur babylonischen und assyrischen Grammatik (Leipziger Semitische Studien 5/6, Leipzig 1912) respectively. KD, SP and RW indicate collations by K. Deller, S. Parpola and R.M. Whiting.

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

DNdivine name
GNgeographical name
MAMiddle Assyrian
SBStandard Babylonian
coll.collated, collation
f.female, feminine word
psx.possessive suffix
r., rev.reverse
s.(left) side
sup. ras.(written) over erasure
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
+joined to
(+)indirect join
see also
//paralleled by or duplicate of

Sanae Ito

Sanae Ito, 'Abbreviations', The Correspondence of Assurbanipal, Part I: Letters from Assyria, Babylonia, and Vassal States, SAA 21. Original publication:Winona Laka, IN, Eisenbrauns, 2018; online contents: SAAo/SAA21 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

Back to top ^^
SAAo/SAA21, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
Oracc uses cookies only to collect Google Analytics data. Read more here []; see the stats here []; opt out here.