Aššur-dān I

Aššur-dān I (1178-1133 BC) was the eighty-third ruler of Ashur according to the Assyrian King List [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/index.html] (AKL). That chronographic text states that he ruled for forty-six years (Var: Nassouhi Kist [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/nassouhilist/index.html] "twenty-six years") and that he succeeded his father Ninurta-apil-Ekur [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ninurtaapilekur/index.html] and was followed on the throne by his son Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ninurtatukultiashur/index.html]; Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur may have acted as co-regent during the later years of Aššur-dān's reign (see the introduction [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ninurtatukultiashur/index.html] to that monarch). In his inscriptions, Tiglath-pileser I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/tiglathpileseri/index.html] reports that his great-grandfather Aššur-dān "lived to a ripe old age" (text no. 1 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005926/] vii 54).

The Synchronistic History reports that during the reign of the Babylonian king Zababa-šuma-iddina, Aššur-dān "went down to Karduniaš," captured the cities Zaban, Irriya, and Ugarsallu and took "their vast booty to Assyria" (Grayson 1975, 162: ii 10-12).

Four inscriptions have been ascribed to him. In addition, Aššur-dān's great-grandson Tiglath-pileser I records that he tore down the Anu-Adad temple at Aššur, but did not rebuild it (text no. 1 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005926/] vii 66-70).

[Poppy Tushingham]


Grayson, A. K. Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles , TCS 5 (1975).
Grayson, A. K. 'Ninurta-tukultī-Aššur', Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie 9 (1998-2001), pp. 527.
Weidner, E. F. 'Aššurdân I', Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie 1 (1932), pp. 208-209.

Browse the RIAo Corpus [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/pager/]

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A fragment of a brick from Aššur preserves part of an inscription of Aššur-dān I. The object is in Istanbul (Eski Șark Eserleri Müzesi of the Arkeoloji Müzeleri).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005895/] of Aššur-dān I 1.

Source: Ist EȘEM 09315 (Ass 04777)


Text no. 1

1905 Andrae, MDOG 26 p. 62 (provenance)
1929 Weidner, RLA 1/3 p. 209a (study)
1959 Weidner, Tn. p. XIV after no. 53 and pl. IX (edition, copy)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 LXXXIII 1 (translation)


See Tukulti-Ninurta I text no. 1012 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/tukultininurtai/texts10011012and2001/index.html#tukultininurta11012]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005896/] of Aššur-dān I 1001.

Source: K 02667


1959 Weidner, Tn. p. 51 note to line 11 (study)
1968-69 Weidner, AfO 22 pp. 76-77 (copy, study)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 LXXXIII 3 (study)


A flake off a clay tablet from Nineveh preserves a small portion of a Middle Asssyrian inscription describing the defeat of Ari-Tešub, a king of the land Subartu. On the suggestion of A.R. Millard, this text has been tentatively assigned to around the time of Aššur-dān I. The piece is now in the British Museum (London).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005897/] of Aššur-dān I 1002.

Source: BM 121057 (1929-10-12, 0053)


1968 Lambert and Millard, Cat. p. 7 (study)
1970 Millard, Iraq 32 pp. 171-72 and pl. XXXVI (copy, study)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 p. 155 (study)


A small bronze statue found at Lake Urmia, originally from Arbela, has a private dedicatory inscription written on it. The temple scribe Šamšī-bēl dedicated it to the goddess Ištar, Arbela's tutelary deity, on behalf of Aššur-dān, presumably the first Assyrian king with that name. The statue -- whose name is "O Ištar, my ear (is directed) towards you!" -- is now in Paris (Louvre).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005898/] of Aššur-dān I 2001.

Source: AO 02489


1891 Ledrain, RA 2 pp. 91-92 (study)
1891 Winckler, ZA 6 pp. 183 and 326-27 (study)
1907 Meissner, AO 15 p. 110 (study)
1915 L. Heuzey, Les Origines Orientales de l'Art (Paris) pl. VIII (photo, study)
1915 Thureau-Dangin, RA 6 pp. 133-34 (photo, study)
1924 Pottier, Antiquités assyriennes no. 148 (photo, study)
1929 Unger, RLA 1/2 pl. 18 and pp. 141-42 (photo, study)
1929 Weidner, RLA 1/3 p. 209 (study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 p. 100 (study)
1961 Parrot, Assur p. 119 (photo, study)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 LXXXIII 2* (translation)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 2 c6 (study)
1981 Menzel, Tempel 2 p. 177 nn. 2883-86 and T 170-71 (edition)
1983 Deller, Oriens Antiquus 22 pp. 17-20 (edition)

Jamie Novotny & Poppy Tushingham

Jamie Novotny & Poppy Tushingham, 'Aššur-dān I', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2021 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ashurdani/]

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