Enlil-nārārī, son of Aššur-uballiṭ I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ashuruballiti/index.html], was the seventy-fourth monarch of Ashur. According to the Assyrian King List [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/assyriankinglist/index.html#MiddleAss] (AKL), he was king for ten years and was succeeded by his son Arik-dīn-ili [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/arikdinili/index.html], who in turn was followed by his son Adad-nārārī I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/adadnararii/index.html] (according to Adad-nārārī's own inscriptions and the N Nassouhi version of the AKL); note that the Khorsabad and SDAS recensions of the AKL record that Adad-nārārī was the son of Enlil-nārārī, rather than his grandson.

According to inscriptions of Adad-nārārī I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/adadnararii/index.html], Enlil-nārārī defeated a Kassite army (ša ummān Kaššî ināruma) and overcame every one of his enemies (u nagab zāʾerīšu qāssu ikšudu; text no. 1 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005738/] i 25-26). The first statement presumably refers to the battle between Enlil-nārārī and the Kassite king Kurigalzu II at Sugagi, a city located on the Tigris River; like Adad-nārārī's inscription, the Synchronistic History records an Assyrian victory (Grayson 1975, 159-160). The same event is narrated in Chronicle P, but with two significant differences: the Assyrian king with whom the Kassite king fights is Adad-nārārī I and Kurigalzu II is the victor (Grayson 1975, 175).

Only one inscription can be attributed confidently to Enlil-nārārī (text no. 1 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005728/]). This text some of the details his restoration work on the outer wall at Ashur. Grayson also tentatively attributes a second text to this monarch (text no. 1001 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005729/]), but since it describes the defeat of Kurigalzu II, the inscription could assigned to Enlil-nārārī or Adad-nārārī I.


Grayson, A. K., Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles TCS 5 (1975).
Weidner, E.F., 'Enlil-narâri,' Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie 2 (1938), pp. 393-4.
[Poppy Tushingham]

Browse the RIAo Corpus [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/pager/]

1   1001  


Three clay cones from Aššur -- two of which are in Istanbul (Eski Șark Eserleri Müzesi of the Arkeoloji Müzeleri) -- are inscribed with a text recording Enlil-nārārī's work on the outer wall at Aššur. This successor of Aššur-uballiṭ I claims to have rebuilt that structure from the Craftsman's Gate to the Sheep Gate. The inscription is dated to the eponymy of [...]-Marduk. The third cone is now in the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005728/] of Enlil-nārārī 1.

Sources: (1) A 16930      (2) Ist A 03520 (Ass 10385)     (3) Ist A 03566 Ass 13534)    


1906 Andrae, MDOG 32 pp. 31-32 (ex. 2, provenance, edition)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke p. 157 no. 5 and pl. XCIIIc (ex. 2, photo, edition)
1914 Scheil, RT 36 pp. 183-84 (ex. 1, copy, edition)
1926 Ebeling, IAK XVIII 1 (exs. 1-3, edition)
1926-27 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §57; 2 p. 502 (ex. 2, translation)
1950 Landsberger and Balkan, Belleten 14 p. 236 n. 26 and p. 253 (exs. 1-3, study)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 LXXIV 1 (exs. 1-3, translation)
1974 Schramm, BiOr 31 p. 279 (study)
1982 Miglus, ZA 72 p. 267 (exs. 1-3, study)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA nos. 22-23 (exs. 2-3, copy)


A stone tablet excavated at Aššur contains an inscription that appears to narrate the defeat of Kurigalzu, a Kassite king of Babylonia. Although the royal name is completely broken away, the text should be ascribed to either Enlil-nārārī or Adad-nārārī I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/adadnararii/index.html]; it has been arbitrarily assigned by A.K. Grayson to the former ruler. The present whereabouts of the stone are not known.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005729/] of Enlil-nārārī 1001.

Source: Ass 06211


1926 Ebeling, IAK XVIII 2 (edition)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 LXXIV 2 (translation)

Jamie Novotny & Poppy Tushingham

Jamie Novotny & Poppy Tushingham, 'Enlil-nārārī', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2017 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/enlilnarari/]

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